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Top 3 Public Blockchains Comparison

11 Jan 2021 updated
11 min

Table of content

Ever thought about what might be the most central explanation behind leading projects embracing blockchain innovation? The very reality that it makes an elevated level of trust for individuals to make sure about their information and cycles over a protected organization. Directly from the coming of the Bitcoin in 2008 by Satoshi Nakamoto, blockchain innovation is upsetting every single industry as it is embraced at a huge rate by ventures of each nature: little, medium, and enormous. An ever increasing number of organizations are understanding the progressive capability of this innovation and are employing public blockchain, along these lines making it to a lesser extent a trendy expression and changing it into a groundbreaking mantra. As of now, it is of vital importance to determine the leaders of the field by the opinion of experts. In this article you will have a chance to get acquainted with the detailed analysis of 3 leading blockchain projects.

What is Public Blockchain?

It is a conveyed, decentralized public record which is a constantly developing rundown of records which are put away as squares. These squares in a blockchain are associated with one another through cryptography, which keeps the secrecy of the exchanges unblemished. A blockchain is a period stepped arrangement of unchanging (sealed) record of information which isn’t overseen by a focal position yet overseen by a bunch of PCs. Every single information shared on this organization is obvious to all members and all of them are responsible for their activities. A blockchain impeccably characterizes a democratized framework. A public blockchain has an open organization. The data is accessible in a public area. Because of its permissionless nature, any gathering can view, perused, and compose information on the blockchain and the information is available to all. No specific member has power over the information in a public blockchain. Public blockchains are additionally decentralized and unchanging. It implies that once a passage is made on the blockchain, it can’t be adjusted or erased once the sections are approved.

Public VS Private Blockchain

The significant degree of a public blockchain is lesser than that of a private blockchain as it is lighter and gives conditional throughput.

Level of access allowed to members within a public blockchain, anybody can participate by confirming and adding information to the blockchain. In private blockchains, just approved bodies can take an interest and control the organization. The models here are Bitcoin and Ethereum.

A public blockchain is decentralized, though a private blockchain is more unified. Models Hyperledger and Ripple.

Agreement calculations, for example, Proof of Elapsed Time (PoET), Raft, and Istanbul BFT can be utilized uniquely in the event of private blockchains.

Exchanges every second are lesser in a public blockchain when contrasted with private blockchains. As the quantity of approved members is less in a private blockchain, it can handle hundreds or even great many exchanges every second.

A public blockchain can’t contend with a private blockchain regarding adaptability issues as it is slow and consequently can handle exchanges just at a moderate movement. In a private blockchain, as a couple of hubs need to oversee information, exchanges can be upheld and prepared at a lot higher movement.

Public blockchains are trustless, and in a private blockchain arrangement, members should not confide in each other. In a private blockchain, the legitimacy of records can’t be freely confirmed as the honesty of a private organization depends on the validity of the approved hubs.

A public organization is safer because of decentralization and dynamic cooperation. Because of the higher number of hubs in the organization, it is almost unthinkable for ‘troublemakers’ to assault the framework and deal with the agreement organization. A private blockchain is more inclined to hacks, dangers, and information breaks/control. It is simple for troublemakers to imperil the whole organization.

A public blockchain devours more energy than a private blockchain as it requires a lot of electrical assets to work and accomplish network agreement. Private blockchains burn-through significantly less energy and force.

In a public blockchain, it is important to give admittance to an incorporated power to administer the whole organization, consequently making it a private blockchain now. In a private blockchain, any individual who is managing the organization can adjust or alter any exchanges as indicated by their necessities.

In a private blockchain, there is zero chance of minor crash. Each validator is known and they have the reasonable qualifications to be a piece of the organization. Be that as it may, in a public blockchain, nobody knows who each validator is and this expands the danger of expected intrigue or a 51% assault (a gathering of excavators which control over half of the organization’s figuring power).

Read also:Blockchain and trade finance

Three Best Public Blockchains Comparison

It is almost 2021, and we know for sure there are three public blockchains that are outstanding leaders among the stock. These heroes are Ethereum, NEAR, TEZOS.


We will try to analyze the leaders according to several aspects, that is Sharding, Smart Contracts, Node, Speed, Applications.


As for Sharding, we know for sure all of them use Sharding. Ethereum use Sharding in order to make it to the top of others. As for NEAR, we are aware of the fact that it has been used right from the start of network. Ethereum has just launched this approach, so it is going to be something different this time. TEZOS is too young for a project, so lags and different drawbacks may occur.

Smart contract

The aspect of smart contracts is a different story. Solidity, JS Based, Lower entrancy grade, tons of libraries are available for Ethereum to make it quite better than many other projects. As for TEZOS, it has both advantages and disadvantages. On the one hand, it has very fast execution, simplified formal verification for smart contract security. Still, on the other hand, too low amount of smart contracts accessible, very specific of smart contracts that need deeper investigation (Michelson or Liquidity) – which follow that fine developer who knows this language is too low. Basing on Bytecode makes it quite a bad story and choice. Speaking of NEAR, smart contract is more favourable. Smart contracts are really smart and efficient, still, very big grade of entrancy, developers hard to find making it slow to develop, as well as unclear documentation and incorrect instructions of using methods which are probably deprecated are quite sufficient drawbacks.


Another parameter, which is of great importance, is speed. 100 transaction per second and

500 transaction per second after launching on full speed is really quite a significant number, Still, some time should pass for this to happen. As for the very fast speed in concept for NEAR, which is 100k tps, makes it quite a story for NEAR. Again, the status of beta spoils the whole picture. TEZOS is an example of controversy – the extra speed of 1000 transactions is weighted out by its extremely slow block time of 30 mins.


Node can be regarded as easily run with suitable peers for Ethereum. Still, it is clearly distinguished by slow sync and unclear verbosity on node logs. For NEAR the story is somewhat different again. As of now, it can be easily launched on GCP. Fast sync, one’s own validator node (with limited accessibility) make it quite easy to access. Still, one can encounter tons of errors during the run. Tons of errors while setting up on AWS, the status of node like that of a window to the Mainnet node, necessity to run Mainnet node and Validator node to allow you publish contracts and transactions is quite a big price to pay. TEZOS is quite a leader in the set with its very fast setup and snapshot base. The only minus of its node is that it is still run only on Ubuntu based VM, no manuals about it on public clouds are available.


Applications are quite an ecosystem for all the members of the race. For Ethereum it is like a fresh water place with its stable app ecosystem full of advantages. In production are a carriage of dapps with the big community and majority of cryptoplayers with the indication wallets. The cons are again depending on network load fee of significant increase. NEAR apps are stars here with their very fast solutions. The only drawback or disadvantage here is the Lack of already developed dapps, tokens, only small amount of people are now about NEAR. NEAR is a gentleman, unlike TEZOS, people can decide that they want to stay on ETH instead of moving their tokens to the new platform. The last, but not the least, is TEZOS. Application creation is a huge story with a great support in the project. Very big help from TEZOS stakeholder starting from advices ending till investments to project are like heaven pieces. Lack of already developed dapps, very little amount of tokens, poor community can spoil the whole story, but the funding is going to change the situation.

Gaining principle

Tezos, which styles itself as a “self-changing cryptographic record” and uses the purported confirmation of-stake agreement model, has arisen as a most loved blockchain and digital money for tokenized land and security tokens.

Since bitcoin’s intently watched supply press this week, some have recommended those that keep up the bitcoin network, known as miners, may switch their registering capacity to other digital forms of money — possibly giving them a lift.

Nonetheless, tezos, which uses verification of-stake rather than bitcoin’s confirmation of-work, can’t be mined like bitcoin.

Verification of-stake blockchains are commonly thought to be more versatile and less asset serious as they don’t expect diggers to tackle complex numerical issues to make the following alliance.

They additionally boost tokenholder support in organization security.

Tezos holders, if their assets are put away in specific wallets, can “stake” their XTZ and get extra tokens as an award for making and confirming new squares in the chain.

Summing Up

As you may see, Ethereum, NEAR and TEZOS are all renowned and popular for its advantages and possibilities. Public blockchain is growing fast and it is difficult to predict which of the blockchains is going to be the leader in the race. Ethereum 2.0 and NEAR both are using sharding tech. It means that they will not need a ton of redundant operations that must apply to every node in the network. They both are using validators. ETH 2.0

is just going to launch while NEAR has already got their sharded network open. On top of that, Ethereum 2.0 is using Solidity to write smart-contracts which are much more understandable and have lower entrancy grades than NEARs RUST or even SmartPy. Ethereum 2.0 is close to be perfects. Still, it is clear that the current perspective sets a new technical leap ahead for all the participants, and its popularity among people. Please visit our blog to learn all the necessary details in time.

Read also:Blockchain technology in the food industry


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